By Elizabeth Rose
Americans at the present time reside with conflicting principles approximately day care. We criticize moms who decide on to not remain at domestic, yet we strain ladies on welfare to go away their kids at the back of. We realize the advantages of early adolescence schooling, yet don't offer it as a public correct until eventually childrens input kindergarten. our youngsters are useful, yet we pay minimal wages to the overwhelmingly woman staff which cares for them. we aren't particularly certain if day care is dangerous or worthy for kids, or if moms may still fairly be within the team. to raised know the way we've arrived at those present-day dilemmas, Elizabeth Rose argues, we have to discover day care's past.A Mother's activity is the 1st ebook to supply such an exploration. as a result learn of Philadelphia, Rose examines different meanings of day take care of households and companies from the overdue 19th century during the postwar prosperity of the Fifties. Drawing on richly distinctive files created via social staff, she explores altering attitudes approximately motherhood, charity, and kid's needs.How did day care switch from a charity for terrible unmarried moms on the flip of the century right into a famous desire of normal households via 1960? This booklet lines that transformation, telling the tale of day care from the altering views of the households who used it and the philanthropists and social employees who administered it. We see day care during the eyes of the immigrants, whites, and blacks who relied upon day care provider in addition to via these of the pros who supplied it.This quantity will attract a person drawn to figuring out the roots of our present day care quandary, in addition to the wider problems with schooling, welfare, and women's work--all matters during which the main questions of day care are enmeshed. scholars of social historical past, women's heritage, welfare coverage, childcare, and schooling also will come upon a lot useful info during this well-written ebook.
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Extra resources for A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (1999)
In the eighteen nurseries that belonged to the PADN from the 1880s through the 1910s (excluding the three member nurseries whose Jewish or African-American board members would have been automatically excluded), 53% of the board members were listed in one of these guides; every nursery board had at least one member of high enough social standing to be listed, and in eight of the nurseries, more than three-quarters of the board members were listed. 69 Even at the handful of PADN nurseries that did not have such elite boards, the board members still came from well-to-do families.
A history of the First Day Nursery explained that although the institution had been pressed for money early in its existence, “slowly and surely it progressed, . . and today it is receiving substantial help from the legacies of those who were its friends in its early struggles for existence. ”91 Indeed, much of the nursery’s income from the mid-1880s through the 1910s came from numerous bequests of more than one thousand dollars. ”92 The Young Women’s Union also beneﬁted from legacies and effective private fund-raising networks: in 1896, the annual report explained, “the executors of the estate of the late Simon Muhr recently offered $5000 for a building or endowment fund with the sole condition that an equal amount be raised within a speciﬁed time.
When Josephine Dodge, president of the newly formed National Federation of Day Nurseries, came to Philadelphia in 1898, there were enough nurseries to warrant forming a local association, the Philadelphia Association of Day Nurseries (PADN). 26 Philadelphia day nurseries were founded in various ways. Some grew out of the work of Sunday schools, settlement houses, or kindergartens. 27 Women were often supported in their venture by neighborhood clergy: for instance, Hannah Biddle established the First Day Nursery “under the auspices” of Bishop Stevens, while the women who founded St.
A Mother's Job: The History of Day Care, 1890-1960 (1999) by Elizabeth Rose