A Space of Their Own: The Archaeology of Nineteenth Century by Susan Piddock PDF

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By Susan Piddock

ISBN-10: 038773385X

ISBN-13: 9780387733852

The historical past of lunatic asylums – what can we fairly learn about them? movies and tv courses have portrayed them as locations of horror the place the sufferers are confined and left to hear the cries in their fellow inmates in melancholy. yet what was once the realm of 19th century lunatic asylums fairly like? Are those photos precise? This ebook will discover this global utilizing the strategies of ancient archaeology and heritage.

In the past due eighteenth and early 19th centuries the appearance of latest remedies for madness according to ethical treatment and non-restraint, and an expanding social know-how of the stipulations within which the insane have been being saved ended in a brand new specialize in the provisions made for the insane in “madhouses”, lunatic asylums and hospitals. according to this new concentration these attracted to the reform of those locations and the hot remedy regimes started to describe what lunatic asylums may be in the event that they have been going to carry the insane again to sanity. during this booklet a brand new method is built utilizing those descriptions because the foundation of a sequence of ‘ideal’ asylum versions. A comparability of those ‘ideal’ asylums to the lunatic asylums in-built England, South Australia and Tasmania permits us to go into the realm of the 19th century asylum, and to appreciate the results of attaining or failing to accomplish the ‘ideal’ asylum on existence inside of those places.

Through the case experiences of britain, South Australia, and Tasmania, this booklet seeks to spot the forces at paintings inside of every one society that ended in the actual provisions being made for the insane in every one position. it is going to be argued that the adoption of the ‘ideal’ asylum gains will be without delay on the topic of a couple of key components, those have been: entry to a pool of information approximately lunatic asylum layout; monetary constraints; the remedy mode followed; and social perceptions of who used to be to be accommodated within the asylum - paupers, the center type, the better category, or convicts.

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Additional info for A Space of Their Own: The Archaeology of Nineteenth Century Lunatic Asylums in Britain, South Australia and Tasmania

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Through understanding these it is possible to gain a better understanding of what life was like in the asylum. The relationship between documents and material culture is never an easy one. The existence of documents relating to a site may limit the questions asked, especially if they are the only source of questions asked of the material remains we discover, an approach which has been defined as the handmaiden approach relegating archaeology to a sub-discipline of history (Hardesty 2001: 23). Other approaches to the relationship between documents and the archaeological record are possible.

There had to be grounds to allow outdoor activities such as gardening, and some aspects of the landscape had to include pleasing scenery which meant access to them could be used as a reward. The Retreat buildings were designed in such a way, using windows without obvious bars, muffled locks and a domestic form of architecture, that the patients did not feel imprisoned (Tuke 1813: 93–107). The model of treatment practiced at The Retreat - classification, activities, rewards and punishments and the direct influence of the medical officer - was taken up as part of the non-restraint system, with the emphasis being placed on providing an appropriately designed environment to support the regime.

While Shlomowitz did briefly consider the lunatic asylums of South Australia in terms of the expenditure on asylums as a part of the overall decline in services, she did not provide a history of the asylums. Marian Quartly in 1966 wrote an article entitled ‘South Australian Lunatics and Their Custodians’ and Bostock’s The Dawn of Australian Psychiatry (1968), which focused primarily on New South Wales, has a few pages on the treatment of lunatics in South Australia up to 1850. A less formal study is H.

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A Space of Their Own: The Archaeology of Nineteenth Century Lunatic Asylums in Britain, South Australia and Tasmania by Susan Piddock

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