By Arturo Montejo Ráez, Luís Alfonso Ureña López (auth.), José Luis Vicedo, Patricio Martínez-Barco, Rafael Muńoz, Maximiliano Saiz Noeda (eds.)
This e-book constitutes the refereed court cases of the 4th foreign convention, EsTAL 2004, held in Alicante, Spain in October 2004.
The forty two revised complete papers awarded have been rigorously reviewed and chosen from seventy two submissions. The papers tackle present matters in computational linguistics and monolingual and multilingual clever language processing and purposes, particularly written language research and new release; pragmatics, discourse, semantics, syntax, and morphology; lexical assets; be aware feel disambiguation; linguistic, mathematical, and morphology; lexical assets; be aware experience disambiguation; linguistic, mathematical, and mental versions of language; wisdom acquisition and illustration; corpus-based and statistical language modeling; laptop translation and translation instruments; and computational lexicography; details retrieval; extraction and query answering; computerized summarization; rfile categorization; traditional language interfaces; and discussion structures and review of systems.
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Extra resources for Advances in Natural Language Processing: 4th International Conference, EsTAL 2004, Alicante, Spain, October 20-22, 2004. Proceedings
5 Representing Syntactic Dependences In order to extend the system with information about the syntactic dependences between the words in the texts, we have tried an extended version of the system in which the references and the candidate answer are analysed with a parser and next the dependences between the words are extracted. The library we have used for parsing is the wraetlic tools 2 . Figure 3 shows the dependences obtained from the candidate text from Figure 2. This can be taken as a first step in obtaining a logical representation of the text, but there are currently some limitations of our parser which do not allow us to produce a more reliable semantic analysis: it does not currently support prepositional-phrase attachment or coreference resolution.
Sp Def. Sp Def. Sp A/D Sp A/D Sp Y/N Sp A/D Description "Operating System" defs. from "Google Glossary" Exam question about Operating Systems Exam question about Operating Systems Exam question about Operating Systems Exam question about Operating Systems Exam question about Operating Systems Exam question about Operating Systems which include more than 1000 answers altogether, are described in Table 1. All the answers were scored by hand by two different human judges, who also wrote the reference texts.
EsTAL 2004, LNAI 3230, pp. 36–44, 2004. c Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004 Automatic Phonetic Alignment and Its Conﬁdence Measures 2 37 Automatic Segmentation Approaches Automatic phonetic annotation is composed of two major steps, the determination of the utterance phone sequence, the sequence produced by the speaker during the recording procedure, and the temporal location of the segment boundaries (phonetic alignment). Several phonetic alignment methods have been proposed, but the most widely explored techniques are based either on Hidden Markov Models (HMM) used in forced alignment mode  or on dynamic time alignment with synthesized speech .
Advances in Natural Language Processing: 4th International Conference, EsTAL 2004, Alicante, Spain, October 20-22, 2004. Proceedings by Arturo Montejo Ráez, Luís Alfonso Ureña López (auth.), José Luis Vicedo, Patricio Martínez-Barco, Rafael Muńoz, Maximiliano Saiz Noeda (eds.)