By Edward M. Young
Throughout the past due Thirties an armament race constructed among bombers and the combatants that have been bent on preventing them. the improvement of multi-engined, multi-gun, all-metal bombers compelled a corresponding elevate in fighter armament which, in flip, resulted in extra makes an attempt to enhance bomber armament to make sure its skill to outlive within the face of opposed warring parties. the united states military Air Corps (USAAC) asked that powered gun turrets be suited to its imperative long-range bombers, the B-17 Flying fort and the B-24 Liberator. In reviewing reviews of air strive against from Spain, China and the early phases of the struggle in Europe, the USAAC assumed that the best chance to the bomber will be assaults from the rear area, and hence took steps to make sure that either the B-17 and the B-24 had tail turrets. A powered turret above and at the back of the cockpit may deal, it was once felt, with assaults from the frontal sector in order that the nostril armament for the B-17 and the B-24 consisted of numerous hand held 0.50-cal desktop weapons, yet now not a powered turret. German and eastern fighter pilots may quickly realize and make the most this weak point. The JAAF's reaction to the rise in bomber armament used to be to increase a so-called heavy fighter in parallel to the improvement of the Army's major fighter, the Ki-43 Hayabusa (known because the 'Oscar'), which sacrificed armament for more advantageous manoeuvrability. but the shortcoming of the japanese airplane to supply those heavier combatants (the Kawasaki Ki-60 and Nakajima Ki-44) in enough amounts intended that the JAAF had no replacement yet to depend upon the Ki-43 to intercept American heavy bombers. less than the appropriate stipulations that existed within the Burma and China theatres for a lot of 1943, the absence of escort combatants allowed the Ki-43 pilots to press domestic their assaults to devastating impression.
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Extra info for B-24 Liberator vs Ki-43 Oscar: China and Burma 1943 (Duel, Volume 41)
Main fuel cock 49. Undercarriage emergency operation 50. Cam manipulation 51. Undercarriage selector 52. Flap selector 53. Compressed air bottle COMBAT USAAF B-24D TACTICS In 1942 USAAF strategic bombing doctrine called for unescorted daylight precision bombing missions. When encountering enemy fighter aircraft, bombardment units were to rely on disciplined formation flying and massed defensive fire. Under Col Necrason the 7th BG maintained good air discipline, but it would be some time before the group could deploy a massed formation of bombers.
The new B-17s and B-24s required crews that were not simply two-thirds bigger than the USAAC’s then standard twin-engined Douglas B-18 Bolo bomber, but were also capable of operating a more complicated aircraft. This meant the training of individuals to perform, in close cooperation, the complex task of executing a bombing mission. As the planned number of heavy bomber groups for the USAAC grew, this in turn generated an accelerating demand for crews – pilots, bombardiers, navigators, radio operators, flight engineers and gunners – to man them.
8. 50in. machine gun 9. Flexible ammunition feed belt 10. Bomb selector and control panel 11. Bomb control quadrant 12. Center gun firing switch 13. Invalometer 14. Norden bombsight 15. Bombardier’s seat 16. 50in. machine gun 17. 50in. machine gun 18. Flexible ammunition feed belt 19. Defroster hose 20. Cabin heater 21. Receptacle for flying suit heating plug 23. Portable oxygen bottle 24. Compass 25. Light 26. Bombardier’s intercom control 27. com Student bombardiers prepare to board a Douglas B-18A at a bombardier school in Texas.
B-24 Liberator vs Ki-43 Oscar: China and Burma 1943 (Duel, Volume 41) by Edward M. Young