Biometric Technologies and Verification Systems by John R. Vacca PDF

By John R. Vacca

ISBN-10: 0080488390

ISBN-13: 9780080488394

ISBN-10: 0750679670

ISBN-13: 9780750679671

Biometric applied sciences and Verification platforms is geared up into 9 components composed of 30 chapters, together with an in depth thesaurus of biometric phrases and acronyms. It discusses the present state of the art in biometric verification/authentication, id and approach layout rules. It additionally presents a step by step dialogue of the way biometrics works; how biometric info in people might be gathered and analyzed in a few methods; how biometrics are presently getting used as a mode of private id during which everyone is famous via their very own certain corporal or behavioral features; and the way to create targeted menus for designing a biometric verification process. in simple terms biometrics verification/authentication is predicated at the id of an intrinsic a part of a individual. Tokens, corresponding to shrewdpermanent playing cards, magnetic stripe playing cards, and actual keys might be misplaced, stolen, or duplicated. Passwords will be forgotten, shared, or by accident saw via a 3rd get together. Forgotten passwords and misplaced "smart playing cards" are a nuisance for clients and a pricey time-waster for method directors. Biometric safeguard strategies supply a few designated merits for deciding on and verifying/ authenticating humans over extra conventional protection equipment. This e-book will serve to spot some of the safeguard functions biometrics can play a hugely safe and particular function in. * includes parts comparable to Sidebars, assistance, Notes and URL hyperlinks* seriously illustrated with over a hundred and fifty illustrations, monitor captures, and pictures* info many of the biometric applied sciences and the way they paintings whereas supplying a dialogue of the economics, privateness concerns and demanding situations of imposing biometric protection options

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Sample text

The anticipated result of a search is a match. A typical positive identification system controls access to a secure building or secure computer by checking anyone who seeks access against a database of enrolled employees. The goal is to determine whether a person seeking access can be identified as having been enrolled in the system [1]. Negative identification systems are designed to ensure that a person’s biometric information is not present in a database. The anticipated result of a search is a nonmatch.

NIST chairs both the INCITS committee and the JTC 1 SC 37-Biometrics and contributes to the work of these standard development bodies with technical expertise. INCITS has approved seven standards for the exchange of biometric data: two biometric application profiles, two biometric interface standards, and the Common Biometric Exchange Formats Framework (discussed later in this chapter). In 2005, ISO approved four biometric data interchange standards developed by the JTC 1 SC 37-Biometrics. These standards are being adopted both in the United States and abroad.

Some states are now adding a fingerprint in order to prevent swapping of licenses and to make it more difficult to create fraudulent licenses. Prison visitor systems have implemented facial recognition, fingerprint readers, and hand-geometry readers in an effort to authenticate visitors and to avoid identity swapping during visits. In some cases, biometrics are also being used to authenticate prisoners so that identities are not switched and only the correct individuals are paroled. Airports have adopted facial recognition systems in an effort to pick known criminals and terrorists out of a crowd, even if the targets are wearing a disguise.

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Biometric Technologies and Verification Systems by John R. Vacca

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