By José Nun
During this obtainable and fascinating booklet, JosZ Nun offers a complete research of the speculation and perform of democracy from historic Greece to modern Latin the USA. The author's authoritative historic and comparative dialogue of democracy is mixed together with his personal evaluate of the stipulations and percentages for the improvement of really democratic societies in our time in the course of the global. All readers will reap the benefits of Nun's insightful contrast among visions of democracy-government of the folks or govt of the politicians-and their profound outcomes.
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Extra info for Democracy: Government of the People or Government of the Politicians? (Critical Currents in Latin American Perspective)
In the case of Marshall, as in the cases of Rousseau and Jefferson before and Dahl afterward (to refer just to authors already mentioned), what was at stake was the citizens’ ability to participate in an autonomous way in the political debate. And this was unthinkable in the absence of a material and social substratum making it possible and guaranteeing it. By overlooking the issue of the state, furthermore, Marshall neglected another aspect of the same question, which we could assume was included-although in a very vague and imprecise way-in the Schumpeterian idea of a public morality.
This Page Intentionally Left Blank 6 THE DECLARATION O F 1 9 4 8 U ndoubtedly, Rousseau was the great champion of the idea of government of the people-in spite of his radical skepticism about its possibilities of ever materializing. ” This compelling formula summarizes an issue of great importance and one I wish to highlight: in this model of democratic participation, what is relevant is not so much inequality per se but, on the one side, the degree of polarization between those having too much and those having almost nothing and, on the other, the very intensity of the deprivation suffered by the latter.
Each of those countries entered this compromise at their own pace and with their own modalities, and therefore their achievements were quite uneven. But, in general terms, a conscious and sustained effort to control macroeconomic variables and regulate the labor markets to protect job stability became clearly central. At the same time, there were massive public funds transfers to finance public education, unemployment subsidies, health care insurance, pensions, home loans, and so forth. The Scandinavian nations, which had taken the lead since the 1930s, made the greatest progress in this field-first Sweden and Norway, followed by Denmark and Finland.
Democracy: Government of the People or Government of the Politicians? (Critical Currents in Latin American Perspective) by José Nun