By Daniel Bar-Tal
Shared ideals in a Society is a much-needed contribution to societal psychology, a brand new rising subfield of social psychology, which stories societies from a social mental standpoint. Daniel Bar-Tal offers his paintings of the final 15 years on shared ideals in societies less than one conceptual framework from which to spot ideals held in universal through whole societies and international locations. utilizing examples shape the background, politics, sociology, tradition, and schooling from assorted societies, the writer bargains that social psychology offers a distinct viewpoint on society, however it may also reap the benefits of integrating contributions from different social sciences into its personal theorizing attempt.
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Additional info for Shared Beliefs in a Society: Social Psychological Analysis
In another work, Higgins (1996) argued that the development of selfregulation is based on messages received from others, which become shared reality. This is evident from observation of how children achieve selfregulation. When caretakers satisfy children's needs in emphasizing promo tion and prevention, their social regulation communicates a particular view of the world. Children adapt this view, which then becomes shared reality, relating not just to the way the world works but also to society's beliefs and values.
17). More specifically, they are "cog nitive systems with a logic and language of their own and a pattern of implication, relevant to both values and concept, and with a characteristic kind of discourse," representing " 'theories' or 'branches of knowledge' in their own right, for the discovery and organization of reality" (Moscovici, in his foreword to Herzlich, 1973, p. xiii). Social representations institute a set of concepts, statements and explanations originating in daily life in the course of interindividual communications.
This line of research, whose roots can be found in the work of Festinger (1954) on social comparison, is concerned with personal consequences of sharing beliefs. Festinger (1954) posited that people possess a drive to evaluate their opinion and abilities to construct a valid view of reality. A major tenet of the theory is that similar rather than dissimilar others provide the necessary standards for comparison. That is, individuals construct their reality by comparing their beliefs and abilities to group mem bers with whom they share many opinions and attitudes.
Shared Beliefs in a Society: Social Psychological Analysis by Daniel Bar-Tal