By B. J. Boland (auth.)
With deep curiosity i've got the Indonesian people's struggle for freedom and independence from 1945 onwards. This curiosity has grow to be concentrated particularly at the query of ways religions, specially Islam, have been taken with this fight, and what position they might fulfil within the new Indonesia. After having lived and labored in Indonesia from 1946 to the top of 1959, i used to be two times extra enabled to yisit I ndonesia because of can provide from the Netherlands starting place for the development of Tropical study (WOTRO). It was once in the course of those sojourns specifically, from could to October 1966 and from February to July 1969, that the fabric for this examine used to be gathered, supplemented and checked. For the assistance I got in the course of those visits i'm vastly indebted to such a lot of Indonesian informants that it truly is very unlikely to say all of them. in addition, a few of them wouldn't delight in being singled out by means of identify. yet whereas providing them those common thank you i'm taking into consideration all of them separately. regardless of all of the support given and endurance proven me, this book is sure to be jam-packed with shortcomings. An older Muslim good friend, although, as soon as inspired me through reminding me that perfection belongs in simple terms to God (al-kamal li'llah). however, I may still wish to supply my apologies for error and error; i might get pleasure from it if readers drew my awareness to them.
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Extra resources for The Struggle of Islam in Modern Indonesia
Yamin, Naskah, I, pp. 228, 240. One looks in vain in Benda and Kahin, for example. For the remarks by Hatta, see the minutes of August 18th, 1945 in Yamin, Naskah, I, p. 401. Compare the different translations of the preamble of the 1945 Constitution in Yamin, Naskah, I, p. 49 and III, p. 753; also Yamin, Pembahasan, p. , The Indonesian StoTY, New York 1948, p. 165. 26 CHAPTER I: 1945·1955 sound been led to the portals of the Indonesian state, which is to be independent, united, sovereign, just and prosperous.
For the feeling of Muslims this fight for political freedom was at the same time a struggle for the freedom of Islam. 74 Likewise the fight for freedom between 1945 and 1950 was felt by Muslims to be a struggle for their country and their religion. U. was at that time the association of kiyais and ulamas within the then Masjumi. In this resolution the "djihad for the defence of the Indonesian fatherland" was declared to be the individual duty of every Muslim, wherever he might be. The outbreak of fighting between 73 74 Kahin, Nationalism.
S3 At its foundation on November 7th, 1945, the Muslims were encouraged "to fight in the way of God" (berdjihad fisabilillah) ; this emergency programme was, of course, determined by the fight for independence. The programme of 1946 emphasized "the realization of the ideals of Islam in state affairs, so that a form of state can be created which is founded on the sovereignty of the people, and a society which is based on justice, in accordance with the teachings of Islam". e. K4 All the strength of the Islamic community had to be concentrated in the 8'~ 83 84 Apart from the books of Kahin and Feith, a list of all Indonesian cabinets between 1945 and 1956 and their composition can be found in the Ensiklo· pedia Indonesia, published under the editorship of T.
The Struggle of Islam in Modern Indonesia by B. J. Boland (auth.)