By Piyushimita (Vonu) Thakuriah, D. Glenn Geers
Transformations in instant connectivity and location-aware applied sciences carry the promise of bringing a sea-change within the manner transportation info is generated and utilized in the long run. Sensors within the transportation process, whilst built-in with these in different sectors (for instance, strength, application and healthiness) have the capability to foster novel new methods of bettering livability and sustainability.
The end-result of those advancements has been a little contradictory. even if automation within the transportation setting has develop into more and more frequent, the extent of involvement and lively participation by means of humans, when it comes to co-creation and contribution of data, has additionally elevated. accordingly, the subsequent significant traits were saw: (1) raises in Machine-to- computing device (M2M) communications; and (2) raises within the sort and quantity of User-Generated Content.
In this transportation paradigm, the pervasive use of data and communique applied sciences will function the root for mobility intelligence in the direction of an “ubiquitous information-centered mobility environment”. in spite of the fact that, many technical and operational questions, in addition to social, administration and felony demanding situations current themselves within the transformation to this imaginative and prescient. The booklet provides a non-technical overview of analysis and tasks and a dialogue of such possibilities and challenges.
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Extra info for Transportation and Information: Trends in Technology and Policy
Threats to locational privacy include the risks of unauthorized access to raw location data, location information about a person that is secondarily derived or computed using the raw data, hijacking the location transmission channel, and identification of the person who is using generating location information while using a web service or mobile device. There are three fundamental approaches to addressing locational privacy: legal, consumer awareness and technology-based. Legal and policy-based strategies and privacy principles (ability to opt out, user consent, data protection) as well as issues of consumer education and awareness are described in detail in Sect.
5 m vertically over the reception area. Terrestrial DGPS has notionally zero error at the reference site with the error growing linearly with distance from the reference. A novel technique for GPS correction, called the Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS) , is being developed in Japan and will ultimately use a three satellite constellation to provide sub-meter class positioning. As well as transmitting DGPS data, QZSS will also transmit supplemental GPS signals. The satellite orbits are designed so that at least one satellite will be visible at an elevation of 70◦ or more above the horizon over the Japanese islands, thereby reducing the effect of urban canyons on positioning accuracy.
Classical means of preventing tunnel ingress include flashing warning signs and traffic signals. DSRC based warning systems that send messages directly to the over-height vehicle have been demonstrated . 4 Parking Management The vast majority of non-commercial vehicles spend most of their time parked. Parking lots consume large amounts of real-estate and in many cases on-street parking reduces road capacity. Motorists searching for parking waste considerable fuel and time, and can increase congestion around shopping and business precincts.
Transportation and Information: Trends in Technology and Policy by Piyushimita (Vonu) Thakuriah, D. Glenn Geers